入口许口证inportlicence

现货价值spot price

出口许口证exportlicence

期货价值forward price

现行价值(市价)current price

国际市场价值world (International)Marketprice

离岸价(船上交货价)FOB-free on board

本钱加运费价(离岸加运费价) C&F-cost and freight

到岸价(本钱加运费、保险费价)CIF-cost,insurance and freight

二、交货前提

交货delivery

汽船steamship(缩写S.S)

装运、装船shipment

租船charter (the chartered ship)

交货时刻time of delivery

定程租船voyage charter;

装运限期time of shipment

按期租船time charter

托运人(一样平常指出口商)shipper,consignor

收货人consignee

班轮regular shipping liner

驳船lighter

舱位shipping space

油轮tanker

报关clearance of goods

陆运收条cargo receipt

提货to take delivery of goods

空运提单airway bill

正本提单original BL

选择港(恣意港)optional port

选港费optional charges

选港费由买方承担optional charges to be borne by the Buyers

或optional charges for Buyers' account

一月份装船shipment during January 或 January shipment

一月尾装船shipment not later than Jan.31st.或shipment on or before Jan.31st.

一/二月份装船 shipment during Jan./Feb.或 Jan./Feb. shipment

在......(时刻)分两批装船 shipment during....in two lots

在......(时刻)均匀分两批装船 shipment during....in two equal lots

分三个月装运in three monthly shipments

分三个月,每月均匀装运in three equal monthly shipments

当即装运immediate shipments

即期装运prompt shipments

收到名誉证后30天内装运 shipments within 30 days after receipt of L/C

应承分批装船partial shipment not allowed partial shipment not permitted partial shipment not unacceptable

三、货运用语中英文比较

货品goods | | freight | | cargo

运输transportation | | transit | | conveyance

输送to transport | | to carry | | to convey

运输业transportation business | | forwarding business | | carrying trade

运输署理人a forwarding agent

承运人a freight agent | | a carrier

船务署理人a shipping agent

陆上运输transportation by land

海上运输transportation by sea

货品运输goods traffic | | freight traffic | | carriage of freights | | carriage of goods

货轮cargo boat | | freighter | | cargo steamer | | cargo carrier

火车goods-train | | freight-train

卡车goods-van | | goods wagon | | freight car | | truck

货运办公室goods-office | | freight-department

运费率freight | | freight rates | | goods rate

运费carriage charges | | shipping expenses | | express charges

车费cartage | | portage

运费预付carriage prepaid | | carriage paid

运费到付carriage forward | | freight collect

运费免去||免费 carriage free

协定运费conference freight | | freight rate

运费清单freight account

托运单way-bill | | invoice

输送左券contract for carriage

装运shipment | | loading

装上货轮to ship | | to load | | to take on a ship

装运费shipping charges | | shipping commission

装运单||载货单 shipping invoice

装运单子shipping documents

大副收条mate's receipt

装船单shipping order

提货单delivery order

装船关照shipping advice

包裹收条parcel receipt

准装货单shipping permit

租船左券charter party

租船人charterer

程租船||航次租赁 voyage charter

期租船time charter

应承装卸时刻lay days | | laying days

事变日working days

持续天数running days | | consecutive days

滞期费demurrage

滞期日数demurrage days

速遣费despatch money

空舱费dead freight

退关short shipment | | goods short shipped | | goods shut out | | shut-outs

抵偿担保书(信任收条) letter of indemnity | | trust receipt

装载loading

卸货unloading | | discharging | | landing

装运重量shipping weight | | in-take-weight

卸货重量landing weight

压舱ballasting

压舱货in ballast

舱单manifest

船泊挂号证书ship's certificate of registry

帆海日志ship's log

海员名册muster-roll

(海员,,搭客)康健证明 bill of health

光票clean bill

不洁净提单foul bill

有疑问提单suspected bill

四、首要商业术语

FCA (Free Carrier) 货交承运人

FAS (Free Alongside Ship) 装运港船边交货

FOB (Free on Board) 装运港船上交货

CFR (Cost and Freight) 本钱加运费

CIF (Cost,Insurance and Freight) 本钱、保险费加运费

CPT (Carriage Paid To) 运费付至目标地

CIP (Carriage and Insurance Paid To) 运费、保险费付至目标地

DAF (Delivered At Frontier) 领土交货

DES (Delivered Ex Ship) 目标港船上交货

DEQ (Delivered Ex Quay) 目标港船埠交货

DDU (Delivered Duty Unpaid) 未完税交货

DDP (Delivered Duty Paid) 完税后交货

五、首要船务术语简写

ORC (Origin ReceiveCharges) 当地收货用度(广东省收取)

THC (Terminal Handling Charges) 船埠操纵费(香港收取)

BAF (Bunker Adjustment Factor) 燃油附加费

CAF (Currency Adjustment Factor) 钱币贬值附加费

YAS (Yard Surcharges)船埠附加费

EPS (Equipment Position Surcharges) 装备位置附加费

DDC (Destination Delivery Charges) 目标港交货费

PSS (Peak Season Surcharges) 旺季附加费

PCS (Port Congestion Surcharge) 口岸拥挤附加费

DOC (Document charges) 文件费

O/F (Ocean Freight) 海运费

B/L (Bill of Lading) 海运提单

MB/L(Master Bill of Lading) 船东单

MTD (Multimodal Transport Document) 多式联运单子

L/C (Letter of Credit) 名誉证

C/O (Certificate of Origin) 产地证

S/C (Sales Confirmation)贩卖确认书(Sales Contract) 贩卖条约

S/O (Shipping Order)装货指示书

W/T (Weight Ton)重量吨(即货品收费以重量计费)

M/T (Measurement Ton)尺码吨(即货品收费以尺码计费)

W/M(Weight or Measurement ton)即以重量吨可能尺码吨中从高收费

CY (Container Yard) 集装箱(货柜)堆场

FCL (Full Container Load) 整箱货

LCL (Less than Container Load) 拼箱货(散货)

CFS (Container Freight Station) 集装箱货运站

TEU (Twenty-feet Equivalent Units) 20英尺换算单元(用来计较货柜量的几多)

A/W (All Water)全水路(首要指由美国西岸中转至东岸或本地点的货品的运输方法)

MLB(Mini Land Bridge) 迷你大陆桥(首要指由美国西岸中转至东岸或本地点的货品的运输方法)

NVOCC(Non-Vessel Operating Common Carrier) 无船承运人

不可不知的外贸英语翻译术语

案例详解:功讲义钱法的运用及对企业的影响